Text Reference: Chapter 8. Obstetrics
Objectives: Students should be able to…
Identify meanings of key word components of obstetrics.
dys- (painful, labored, difficult)
in-, intra- (within, inside)
retro- (backward, behind)
amni/o (amnion, amniotic fluid)
chori/o, chorion/o (chorion)
culd/o (rectouterine pouch)
fet/i (fetus, unborn offspring)
fet/o (fetus, unborn offspring)
olig/o (scanty, few)
omphal/o (umbilicus, navel)
par/o (to bear, labor, childbirth, give birth to)
part/o (to bear, labor, childbirth, give birth to)
pylor/o (pylorus, pyloric sphincter)
salping/o (uterine tube)
-a (no meaning, noun ending)
-al (pertaining to)
-amnios (amnion, amniotic fluid)
-arche/o (beginning, first)
-e (noun ending, no meaning)
-gen (substance that produced, agent that produced)
-genic (producing, originating, causing)
-graphy (process of recording)
-ic (pertaining to)
-is (noun suffix, no meaning)
-logist (specialist who studies and treats, physician who studies and treats)
-logy (study of)
-parous (having given birth)
-rrhea (discharge, flow)
-salpinx (tube or uterine tube)
-stenosis (constriction, narrowing)
-tocia (birth, labor)
-tomy (incision, cut into)
-um (noun ending, no meaning)
-us (noun ending, no meaning)
-version (turned, turning, for example turning the fetus)
Apply the rules of medical language to pronounce, break into word parts, and define the following terms.
Label each word part by using the following abbreviations:
P = Prefix
WR = Word Root
CV = Combining Vowel
S = Suffix
CF = Combining Form
Example: osteoarthropathy (ä-stē-ō-är-THROP-ă-thē) – disease of bone and joint
WR CV WR CV S
oste / o / arthr / o /pathy
Practice pronouncing and defining these medical terms that are not easily broken into word parts.
abruptio placentae (ă-BRŬP-shē-ō plă-SENT-ā)
Apgar score (AP-gar skōr)
Cesarean section (CS, c-section) (si-ZAR-ē-ăn SEK-shŏn)
cephalic presentation (sĕ-FAL-ĭk prē-zen-TĀ-shŏn)
cephalic version (sĕ-FAL-ĭk VĔR-zhŏn)
congenital anomaly (kŏn-JĔN-ĭ-tăl ă-NOM-ă-lē)
ectopic pregnancy (ek-TOP-ik PREG-năn-sē)
in vitro fertilization (IVF) (in VĒ-trō fĕrt-ĭl-ĭ-ZĀ-shŏn)
placenta previa (plă-SENT-ā PRĒ-vē-ă)
premature infant (prē-mă-CHŪR IN-fănt)
Practice pronouncing and defining these commonly abbreviated obstetrics terms.
AFP (Alpha-fetoprotein test)
AI (artificial insemination)
CS, C-section (cesarean section)
CVS (chorionic villus sampling)
DOB (date of birth)
EDD (expected or estimated date of delivery)
FAS (fetal alcohol syndrome)
FHR (fetal heart rate)
G (gravida or pregnant)
GPA (gravida, para, abortus – three figures representing a patient’s reproductive history)
IVF (in vitro fertilization)
LH (luteinizing hormone)
LMP (last menstrual period)
RDS (respiratory distress syndrome)
VBAC (vaginal birth after cesarean section)
Sort the terms from the word lists above into the following categories.
- Disease and Disorder (terms describing any deviation from normal structure and function)
- Diagnostic (terms related to process of identifying a disease, condition, or injury from its signs and symptoms)
- Therapeutic (terms related to treatment or curing of diseases)
- Anatomic (terms related to body structure)
Use terms related to obstetrics.
Place the following medical terms in context to complete the scenario below.
cassettes | clots | ectopic | fallopian | Microscopic | pregnancy | salpingectomy | tube | ultrasound
OBSTETRICS – PATHOLOGY REPORT
PATIENT NAME: Bonnie PERRY
DOB: May 3
PATIENT ID: 900132
DATE OF ADMISSION AND SURGERY: June 14
ADMITTING DIAGNOSIS: Ectopic pregnancy
SURGEON: Adam Vance, MD, OB/GYN
PATHOLOGY ID: Specimen No. 05-S-899
SPECIMEN RECEIVED: June 14 Specimen Reported: June 18
SURGICAL PROCEDURE: Right partial ________.
CLINICAL HISTORY: This 34-year-old white female had an ________ pregnancy as proven by pelvic ________.
TISSUE RECEIVED: Right fallopian tube.
GROSS DESCRIPTION: The specimen designated right ________ tube was examined reveals the presence of a fallopian tube measuring 5.9 cm in length and 2.3 cm in average diameter. Sectioning of the ________ shows it to be distended with blood ________ and possible field tissue. The sections were taken, and placed in three ________, A through C, for embedding.
MICROSCOPIC DESCRIPTION: ________ examination performed.
MICROSCOPIC DIAGNOSIS: Ruptured tubal ________.
Joseph Gibbs, MD, Anatomic & Clinical Pathology
Test your knowledge by answering the questions below.
Termination of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable is called…
The abnormal condition in pregnancy where the patient experiences hypertension, edema and proteinuria is called…
- Hyperemesis Gravida
When the embryo implants any other place but the inner endo-uterine lining it is called a(n)…
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Zygote intrafallopian transfer
- Placenta Previa
A condition where the infant’s head is larger than the pelvic outlet and therefore will require a c-section is called…
- Cephalopelvic disproportion
- Cephalic version
A test conducted on the pregnant woman to assess the fetal heart rate is called…
- Non-stress test
- Meconuim staining
- Alpha-fetoprotein test